Environmental Management Planning and Policies of Marine Pollution at the Strait of Canakkale (Dardanelle)

Usluer H. B.

European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, vol.5, no.1, pp.55-62, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)


The Strait of Istanbul (Bosphorus), the Strait of Canakkale (Dardanelles), and the Sea of Marmara are the Turkish Straits Sea Area-TSSA, some of the most critical significant components sea routes used for global maritime transport. Turkish Straits Sea Area, from past to present, has historical, geopolitical, geographical, strategic, and economic significance. The Turkish Straits management and control issues have been passed to the Republic of Turkey with the adoption of the Montreux Convention in 1936. The Turkish Straits are a natural waterway that is unique in the world. There are settlements on two sides of both Istanbul and Çanakkale Straits, and transportation provides by bridges that provide land passage. The control and maintenance of maritime safety and management processes such as local shipping traffic between the two coasts, innocent transit in international maritime transport, security navigation, and marine environmental management are under the authority of the Republic of Turkey. With the increased factor of energy transportation from the Black Sea recently, the Turkish Straits have gained more importance. This study tries to explain Environmental Management Planning and Policies of Marine Pollution by Ship transportation at Strait of Canakkale.