The European Union and democratization in Turkey: The role of the elites

Turkmen F.

HUMAN RIGHTS QUARTERLY, vol.30, no.1, pp.146-163, 2008 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1353/hrq.2008.0016
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.146-163
  • Galatasaray University Affiliated: Yes


Although Turkey's recent democratization efforts triggered by the accession process to the EU have been considerable, implementation remains a serious problem. As in similar cases, experience has shown that in externally induced democratization processes, the role of internal agents of democratization-through elite socialization-determines the level of implementation. Within this context, the roles played by Turkey's business, army, judiciary, and state bureaucracy are explored.