Site Selection of Solar Powered Electric Vehicle Smart Charging Station: Istanbul Case

Mandaci S., TOLGA A. Ç.

Intelligent and Fuzzy Systems - Intelligence and Sustainable Future Proceedings of the INFUS 2023 Conference, İstanbul, Turkey, 22 - 24 August 2023, vol.759 LNNS, pp.676-683 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 759 LNNS
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/978-3-031-39777-6_79
  • City: İstanbul
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.676-683
  • Keywords: EVCS, MCDM, PVCS, WEDBA
  • Galatasaray University Affiliated: Yes


In parallel with the goal of reducing the use of fossil fuels, adopted by many authorities on a global scale within the scope of creating a sustainable future, the use of electric vehicles has started to increase, and it is expected to become more widespread in Türkiye in the upcoming years. However, the prevalence of electric vehicle charging stations (EVCSs) is a factor that directly affects consumer appetite. From this perspective, to make the transition to electrification in transportation in the smoothest way, the city of Istanbul, which is the most populous city of Türkiye, should be prepared in terms of infrastructure. In this study, when the available opportunities are evaluated, İSPARK A.Ş., the subsidiary of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality that provides parking services, is seen as a great opportunity for this transition. Among the existing car parks in Istanbul, a site selection and ranking are made with weighted Euclidean distance-based approach (WEDBA) to install EVCSs. The feasibility of installing an EVCS that generates electricity from solar energy, i.e., photovoltaic charging station (PVCS), with micro wind turbines as an intelligent backup system, is examined among 150 car parks. Considering the potential solar energy productivity and the mean density of the wind, car parks are ranked for each of the 3 DC charging station power scenarios.