This study aims to reveal the factors that cause the businessmen in Turkey to conduct political corporate social responsibility activities. The factors affecting corporations' political corporate social responsibility practices depend both on the context of the corporations and their institutional environments. Therefore, understanding and assessing the corporations' political and economic contexts and the national business system, in which they are embedded are of critical importance in order to extract these factors. With this aim, memoirs of businessmen are gathered and scrutinized using thematic analysis. Emerging themes resulting from the analysis include legitimacy, sustainable development, increasing competitiveness, weakness of the state, state repression, protection of commercial interests and religion. In other words, findings of this study show that the public policies of the governments in education, health and political areas, the religious tendencies of the businessmen, weaknesses of the governments, responding to the increasing market competition and protection of the commercial interests are the main drivers for Turkish businessmen to conduct political corporate social responsibility activities.