The International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology, Sarajevo, Bosna-Hersek, 10 - 13 Eylül 2015, ss.141-149
The Turkey is in a good position which has covered by water and also has the gate that connected the asian and europe continental. The Turkish Straits sea area is consist of Strait of the Istanbul (Bosphorus), Strait of the Canakkale (Dardanelle) and also Sea of Marmara. The Straits of Istanbul and Strait of Canakkale are connecting the Black Sea with the Aegean Sea through by Sea of Marmara. The Turkısh Straits has a really importance from the history because of the geopolitics, strategic and geographic situations. These importance, espacially strategic one is that the only water route between the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea, so the Turkish Strait sea area has been the site of significant settlement area and also city of Istanbul for a long time in the past. The Turkish Straits have been governed by the Montreux convention, since the 1936. From past to recent years this gate is the most important trade way of the world cause of the oil and oil products. These economic, strategic and also trade considerations have high level risk management about maritime transportation at the Turkish Straits. For these circumstances, need to deeply survey at the Turkish Strait about marine science, find all the risk factors at the end need to shown by the charts on the bridge of the ships and coastal facility for use all the mariners. These results could have chance to make environmental planning, management and their policies for maritime transportation, decrease marine pollution and protect all the straits shoreline by the regulations which aimed at the minimising shipping accident, avoiding collisions and protecting marine environment. With this working, try to explain the marine science and their surveys importance for environmental management, planning at the Turkish Strait.
Keywords:Turkish Straits, Environmental,Chart