Electricity consumption and economic growth: Exploring panel-specific differences

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Karanfil F., Li Y.

ENERGY POLICY, vol.82, pp.264-277, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 82
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.enpol.2014.12.001
  • Title of Journal : ENERGY POLICY
  • Page Numbers: pp.264-277


In this paper, we examine the long- and short-run dynamics between electricity consumption and economic activities, using panel data of per capita electricity consumption and per capita GDP of 160 countries for the period of 1980-2010, accounting for the degree of electricity dependence and the level of urbanization. Furthermore, in order to capture the differences in this relationship, the full sample is divided into various subsamples based on countries' income levels, regional locations and OECD memberships. This framework is argued and found to be appropriate since the causal links and inferences arising therefrom differ considerably among the subsamples, which led us to conclude that the electricity-growth nexus is highly sensitive to regional differences, countries' income levels, urbanization rates and supply risks. (c) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.