Schooling Opportunities and Intergenerational Educational Mobility in Turkey: An IV Estimation Using Census Data


Akarcay-Gurbuz A., POLAT S.

JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES, vol.53, no.9, pp.1396-1413, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 53 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00220388.2016.1234038
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES
  • Page Numbers: pp.1396-1413

Abstract

We estimate the intergenerational transmission of education in Turkey using micro-data from the 1990 and 2000 censuses and an instrumental variable (IV) approach. We construct a historical series of provincial enrolment rates by gender to isolate the environmental effect on parental education. The results reveal that intergenerational educational mobility increases over time through a stronger decrease in the transmission of paternal education. The improvement is larger for boys, and the transmission is higher for mother-daughter pairs and in the case of poorer educated parents.