Quantile Estimates for Social Returns to Education in Turkey: 2006–2009

Bakış O., Davutyan N., Levent H., Polat S.

Middle East Development Journal, vol.5, no.3, 2013 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 5 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1142/s179381201350017x
  • Title of Journal : Middle East Development Journal


Augmenting a Mincerian earnings function with regional data we estimate both private and external returns to education in Turkey using Instrumental Variables, Ordinary Least Squares, Quantile Regression and Instrumental Variables Quantile Regression methods. Our results indicate a median external return between 1.5% and 2.3% for 2006–2009. There is some evidence supporting the skill-biased technical change hypothesis. External returns are uniformly higher for women. We point out some policy implications.